What is a Speech Language Pathologist (SLP)?
In the school setting, SLPs support students who have communication disorders that adversely impact their ability to participate in and access the General Education curriculum. School-aged children may present with the following communication disorders:
- Language — (1) the ability to understand information (receptive language), (2) the ability to express one's wants, needs, feeling, thoughts, ideas, and opinions so that listeners can effectively interpret (expressive language), and (3) the ability to understand other's perspectives, participate in conversation, comprehend non-literal language, make inferences, problem-solve in social scenarios (pragmatic language)
- Voice — how speech sounds (i.e. pitch, loudness, hoarseness)
- Fluency — interruptions to the flow of speech (i.e.: repetitions, prolongations, blocks)
- Articulation — pronunciation of speech sounds
SLP Service Delivery Models
Speech and Language therapy services may be delivered via one or in a combination of the following models:
- Specially-Designed Instruction: Targets specific IEP Communication goal(s); typically delivered as a pull-out service (1:1 or small group) within the speech therapy room.
- Related Services: Addresses communication skills in support of other IEP goal area(s) (i.e.: vocational, adaptive, social/emotional, reading/writing); typically delivered as a push-in service within the student's classroom or within small groups with the goal being that learned skills generalize to all environments and communication partners.
- Support for School Personnel: Indirect service that allows the SLP to work as a liaison between the student and staff members; provides strategies, education, and training on how to best support the student within the classroom to allow the student to best access to the educational curriculum.
- Supplementary Aids and Services: Support that is provided in General Education classes, collaboration with General Education staff members, and consultation with parents.
sPEECH THERAPY eXPECTATIONS
During therapy sessions, students will be: